Tips for treating and reporting child abuse

Family and child abuse is, unfortunately, a lot more common than we imagine. The abuse can be divided into several categories: sexual, emotional, physical or psychological. Sometimes it does not belong to only one of these categories, but it combines several of them.

Child abuse is a topic on which most of us is especially sensitive. Children are more vulnerable to all forms of abuse than adults, for a variety of reasons. They are physically weaker and often incapable to clearly articulate the problem. This means that we need to special attention on children’s behavior in order to notice if something is wrong.

Because of all this, people in certain professions need to pay extra attention and act timely if they notice any form of cruelty towards children. They need to know how to recognize the abuse and what are their rights and legal obligations in case they notice the problem.

First of all, if you notice that a child is being abused, you need to report the case straight away. It is above all a moral duty, but in many legislations it is also a legal one. In case you know about the abuse and fail to report it, you may be subject to punishment together with the abuser.

Next, it is important to know whether you fall into the category of professions which are under legal obligation to report the abuse. In some legislations, not everyone is obliged to file a report. However, professions such as chool or kindergarten teachers are considered responsible for reporting abuse in timely manner.

In case you notice the signs of child abuse, you should report it to the authorities. Many countries have special phone lines for reporting abuse cases. If you notice that the child comes to school marked and bruised very often, you have the right to suspect and report the abuse. Unfortunatelly, not every form of cruelty is easy toidentify. Some forms do not leave any physical marks on children, so it is may not be easy to spot the problem on time. Therefore, observe the behavior of children and their reactions in everyday situations in order to spot the alarming changes. No matter if you are in a profession working with children, a child’s relative or a parent, you should keep track of the child’s behavior. Even if the child does not suffer physical cruelty, emotional abuse is also a serious issue. It can leave consequences on the child’s behavior and emotions, and it is considered a crime just like other forms of abuse.

Lastly, there are sometimes situations when parents get divorced and share custody over a child. One of the parents may notice that the child returns from the other parent with bruises and marks. Also, the child can seem frightened, stressed and disoriented; he or she may cry more often or otherwise act strangely. In such cases, you are also allowed and even required to report the abuse. The matter is sensitive so do not jump to conclusions, but pay close attention on the child’s behavior and act accordingy.

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Legal documents to collect when expecting a child

Expecting a child is a joyful event in every family, followed by excitement and lots of big plans. Still, it also brings some worries and new parents ask themselves lots of serious questions. It is certainly one of the scariest questions whether something will happen to you, but it is something we also need to think about when the new baby is coming. Because of this, every family needs to complete some legal tasks before or right after the baby is born. We bring you the list of the most important tasks that will give you peace of mind and help you focus on your family.

    1. Choose a legal guardian – a legal guardian of a child is a person who has the right and the obligation to take care of the child and his property until the child turns 18. A document called Power of Attorney for a Child grants an adult other than you and your spouse to take care of the child in your absence. In case of the unexpected death of parents, the assigned legal guardian will take care of the child.

2. Child Care Authorization – this document allows an adult other than you and your spouse to make decisions on your behalf regarding your child. For example, by this document you can authorize a trusted family member, a friend or a nanny to perform various activities instead of you. They are authorized pick the child up from school, notify about the child’s absence and seek medical treatment for the child in case of sickness.

3. Life insurance – life insurance is not generally something we think about until a new family member is born. Buying a life insurance will give you and your family additional peace of mind in case something happens to you or your spouse. In case of death of a family member, life insurance usually covers the largest costs. They include funeral cost, all existing loans or debts and college savings for children. Some policies even cover daily living expenses. The amount of funds received by life insurance differs from one insurance company to another. However, the general rule is that the insurance covers five to ten times your annual earnings.

4. Make a will – estate planning is another thing you should consider before or right after the new baby arrives. Every living person needs to create a will sooner or later, and this may be a good time to do so. A document called Last Will and Testament states the disposition of all your assets upon your death. The assets can include real estate, money on bank accounts, valuables and many other things of value and importance.


5. Keep records and make backup documents – last but not least, once you have collected and created all the necessary legal documents, it is important to keep good records. Make sure to always know where the documents are, sort them logically and neatly. Other family members should know the place of the documents as well, and it is a good idea to always have copies as backup.



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We all know how hard it can be for a young person to decide his or her career path and to pick a profession. The abundance of options and the predicted challenges that lie ahead can be overwhelming and confusing, and many end up making the wrong decision. A lifetime of regrets and a sense of missed opportunity is not something anybody wants, and this puts additional pressure on the young ones. However, by learning as much as possible about the desired profession and by evaluating your characteristics and capabilities in an honest manner, young people can make a more informed decision, which will usually result in a successful and prosperous career.

 For those who want to make law their profession, several skills are simply obligatory, and they make the difference between a good lawyer and someone who is barely surviving. First of all, a good attorney must have good “people skills”, which includes communication skills and several other attributes such as empathy, understanding, caring, etc. These interpersonal skills can be of immense importance in this business, and solicitors who are polite and pleasant in relations with their clients will always be more successful, and more customers will come knocking at their doors. Good communication skills include good listening as well, and also public speaking, which is often needed in this vocation.

Besides these oral skills, good lawyers need to have a sharp and intelligent mind, capable of handling vast amounts of data that are sometimes required during preparation for a case. Analytical mind and problem-solving skills are an ideal combination in this case, and these traits will bring a lot of successful verdicts to any lawyer. Quick and efficient research is a huge advantage in legal matters, and a good preparation is more than half of the work needed to win a case. Without the evaluative skills and the ability to judge the situation, attorneys are left stuck in a pile of complex legal matters, with no end in sight, and this is where many of them become disappointed and disillusioned with the profession.

However, a good attorney must be dedicated to the cause, and commitment and ambition are the most important requirements for a long-lasting and successful career in the law business. People who do not possess enough enthusiasm and energy will quickly disappear from the scene, and young, hungry wolves will replace them without mercy. That is why dedication and care for the clients are imperative, and attention to detail with meticulous approach can do wonders for your relations with clients. But, these attributes are not the only ones a lawyer needs to show to the customers, and honesty and integrity are also very high on the list of required characteristics. A good lawyer must have strict moral standards, and his ethical code needs to be followed at all times, which means that confidentiality or some other issue never comes into question. Professionalism is a must in this profession, and good lawyers will always cultivate their relations with the clients and colleagues.

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